{:tw}聖嚴師父介紹{:}{:zh}圣严师父介绍{:}{:en}Our Founder Master Sheng Yen{:}

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創辦人事略

人間比丘聖嚴法師,自喻為「風雪中的行腳僧」,曾於天下雜誌獲選為「四百年來台灣最具影響力的五十位人士」之一,回顧其一生,其實充滿了顛沛流離,考驗與轉折。

  法師自幼體弱多病,十四歲狼山出家後,歷經經懺、軍旅生涯,而後終能於三十歲再度出家,不論六年閉關苦修、日本留學、美國弘法,或是開創法鼓山…,總是在無路中找出路,在艱辛中見其悲願,在堅毅中見禪慧,生命對他而言,就是一場實踐佛法的歷程。

  為了提高佛教地位及僧眾素質,聖嚴法師以四十歲之齡,毅然決然留學日本。一九七五年取得立正大學文學博士學位後,歷任文化大學、東吳大學…等校教授、中華學術院佛學研究所所長、美國佛教會副會長及譯經院院長,並創辦中華佛學研究所,僧伽大學與籌辦法鼓大學(今法鼓文理學院),培養高等研究人才。發行佛學學報及佛學研究年刊,為政治大學、文化大學…等多校擔任博士及碩士研究生論文指導教授, 並於世界一百多所大學作過兩百多場演講。

  一九八九年創建法鼓山,以建立「世界佛教教育園區」為願景,規劃了包括學術研究、修行弘化、關懷照顧等各項工作項目,並逐步擴建成海內外弘法、禪修、文化、教育、關懷的組織體系。目前已於台灣各地區與歐、亞、美、澳四大洲亦廣泛設立佛學禪修共修處。法師長年親自奔波美台兩地弘揚佛法,並至世界各地指導禪修,為國際知名的禪師。以其秉承的臨濟及曹洞兩系法脈,深入經藏,融通各派,以自然生動的方法隨機應教,使各種文化背景的人士均能接受,接引無數東西方人士。

  為了以現代人的語言和觀點普傳佛法,法師在極其忙碌的行程中,仍不忘著書寫作,至今已有中英日文著作百餘種,並有多種著作被譯為多國語言,廣佈世界各地 ,並先後獲得中山文藝獎、中山學術獎、國家文化獎、總統文化獎等。

  近年來,為更進一步推廣文化、教育、弘法及修行等悲願,多次與科技、藝術、文化等領域之菁英人士展開對談,乃至與不同宗教進行合作,其寬闊的胸襟與國際化的視野,深獲海內外各界之肯定。法師首倡「心靈環保」的觀念,推動「提昇人的品質,建設人間淨土」的理念,以漢傳佛教為根本,不斷朝國際化、多元化的目標邁進,荷擔起現代佛教繼往開來的神聖使命。

聖嚴法師重要記事

1930年 誕生於江蘇。

1949年 時局緊急,從軍入伍,由上海登艇來台。

1959年 結束十年軍旅生涯,於東初老人座下再度出家。

1969年 留學日本立正大學,六年後取得文學博士學位。

1975年 應邀赴美弘化。

1976年 擔任美國佛教會副會長及大覺寺住持。

1977年 東初老人圓寂,奉老人遺命返台接掌中華佛教文化館、農禪寺法務。

1978年 任中華學術院佛學研究所所長。

1979年 於美國紐約創立禪中心,後更名為東初禪寺。

1985年 於北投中華佛教文化館創辦「中華佛學研究所」。

1989年 創建法鼓山,以「提昇人的品質,建設人間淨土」為理念。

1990年 擔任總召集人,舉辦第一屆中華國際佛學會議。

1992年 提出「心靈環保」,成為法鼓山核心理念。

1993年 在台灣初傳菩薩戒,獲頒社會運動領袖獎。

1994年 提出「禮儀環保」,推動佛化聯合奠祭、佛化聯合祝壽、佛化聯合婚禮。

1997年 在美國紐約成立象岡道場。出席義大利第十一屆國際宗教領袖和平會議,會後晤見教宗若望保祿二世。

1998年 獲《天下》雜誌遴選為四百年來對台灣最具影響力的五十位人物之一。

1999年 提出「心五四運動─二十一世紀生活主張」。成立「法鼓山人文社會獎助學術基金會」。

2000年 以漢傳佛教代表身份參加于紐約聯合國總部舉行之「千禧年世界宗教暨精神領袖和平高峰會」,並發表主題演說。榮獲行政院文建會頒發「終身文化貢獻獎」。

2001年 於法鼓山世界佛教教育園區主持僧伽大學佛學院創校暨開學典禮。應邀於台北舉行的「世界宗教合作會議」發表演說。應邀出席於紐約舉行的「千禧年世界宗教暨精神領袖和平高峰會諮詢委員會」,並發表講辭。

2002年 以佛教領袖身份出席紐約「世界經濟論壇」會議。出席在泰國曼谷舉行之「世界宗教領袖理事會」。率團護送因遭竊輾轉流至海外多年的阿?佛頭像回到中國大陸山東省神通寺四門塔。《天台心鑰–教觀綱宗貫註》一書獲第三十七屆「中山學術著作獎」。

2003年 推動法鼓山人文社會獎助學術基金會與北京大學合作設置「

法鼓人文講座」。應世界宗教領袖理事會之邀,出席日本京都「世界青年和平高峰會」第一次籌備會議。膺獲第二屆總統文化獎。

2004年 推動法鼓山人文社會獎助學術基金會分別與台灣大學、北京清華大學合作設置「法鼓人文講座」。

主持法鼓人文社會學院動土典禮。出席在曼谷召開的「世界宗教領袖理事會」與「亞太青年和平高峰會」。出席在約旦召開的「世界宗教領袖理事會」。擔任總召集人,舉辦「世界青年和平高峰會台北論壇」。

2005年 出席在愛爾蘭都柏林召開的世界銀行「信仰暨發展會議」。推動法鼓山人文社會獎助學術基金會分別與台灣成功大學、南京大學合作設置「法鼓人文講座」。於中國大陸北京大學、清華大學、南京大學及廣州中山大學進行專題演講。獲頒泰國朱拉隆功僧伽大學榮譽博士學位。創設之法鼓山世界佛教教育園區落成開山。

2006年 .於法鼓山世界佛教教育園區大殿舉行「第二任方丈接位大典」,正式將方丈職位交付果東法師。

.帶領十五位「法鼓山青年領袖代表團」青年代表,參加於紐約聯合國總部大樓召開的「聯合國全球青年領袖高峰會」。

2007年 .創辦台灣第一所獲教育部核可設立之單一宗教研修學院「法鼓佛教研修學院」(2008年8月更名為「法鼓佛教學院」)。

.與美國哥倫比亞大學簽署設置「聖嚴漢傳佛學講座教授」正式成立。

.提出「心六倫—新時代.心倫理」運動。

.多年推動環保自然葬,並與台北縣政府合作規畫的「台北縣金山環保生命園區」正式啟用。

.推動防治自殺活動,創辦「關懷生命獎」。

2008年 .榮獲美國設計與流程科學學會「李國鼎傑出經濟社會制度設計獎」。

.榮獲中國文藝協會榮譽文藝獎章「文化貢獻獎」。

2009年 .2月3日捨報圓寂,住世八十年。

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创办人事略

人间比丘圣严法师,自喻为「风雪中的行脚僧」,曾于天下杂志获选为「四百年来台湾最具影响力的五十位人士」之一,回顾其一生,其实充满了颠沛流离,考验与转折。

  法师自幼体弱多病,十四岁狼山出家后,历经经忏、军旅生涯,而后终能于三十岁再度出家,不论六年闭关苦修、日本留学、美国弘法,或是开创法鼓山…,总是在无路中找出路,在艰辛中见其悲愿,在坚毅中见禅慧,生命对他而言,就是一场实践佛法的历程。

  为了提高佛教地位及僧众素质,圣严法师以四十岁之龄,毅然决然留学日本。一九七五年取得立正大学文学博士学位后,历任文化大学、东吴大学…等校教授、中华学术院佛学研究所所长、美国佛教会副会长及译经院院长,并创办中华佛学研究所,僧伽大学与筹办法鼓大学(今法鼓文理学院),培养高等研究人才。发行佛学学报及佛学研究年刊,为政治大学、文化大学…等多校担任博士及硕士研究生论文指导教授, 并于世界一百多所大学作过两百多场演讲。

  一九八九年创建法鼓山,以建立「世界佛教教育园区」为愿景,规划了包括学术研究、修行弘化、关怀照顾等各项工作项目,并逐步扩建成海内外弘法、禅修、文化、教育、关怀的组织体系。目前已于台湾各地区与欧、亚、美、澳四大洲亦广泛设立佛学禅修共修处。法师长年亲自奔波美台两地弘扬佛法,并至世界各地指导禅修,为国际知名的禅师。以其秉承的临济及曹洞两系法脉,深入经藏,融通各派,以自然生动的方法随机应教,使各种文化背景的人士均能接受,接引无数东西方人士。

  为了以现代人的语言和观点普传佛法,法师在极其忙碌的行程中,仍不忘著书写作,至今已有中英日文著作百余种,并有多种著作被译为多国语言,广布世界各地,并先后获得中山文艺奖、中山学术奖、国家文化奖、总统文化奖等。

  近年来,为更进一步推广文化、教育、弘法及修行等悲愿,多次与科技、艺术、文化等领域之菁英人士展开对谈,乃至与不同宗教进行合作,其宽阔的胸襟与国际化的视野,深获海内外各界之肯定。法师首倡「心灵环保」的观念,推动「提升人的品质,建设人间净土」的理念,以汉传佛教为根本,不断朝国际化、多元化的目标迈进,荷担起现代佛教继往开来的神圣使命。

圣严法师重要记事

1930年 诞生于江苏。

1949年 时局紧急,从军入伍,由上海登艇来台。

1959年 结束十年军旅生涯,于东初老人座下再度出家。

1969年 留学日本立正大学,六年后取得文学博士学位。

1975年 应邀赴美弘化。

1976年 担任美国佛教会副会长及大觉寺住持。

1977年东初老人圆寂,奉老人遗命返台接掌中华佛教文化馆、农禅寺法务。

1978年任中华学术院佛学研究所所长。

1979年于美国纽约创立禅中心,后更名为东初禅寺。

1985年于北投中华佛教文化馆创办「中华佛学研究所」。

1989年创建法鼓山,以「提升人的品质,建设人间净土」为理念。

1990年担任总召集人,举办第一届中华国际佛学会议。

1992年提出「心灵环保」,成为法鼓山核心理念。

1993年在台湾初传菩萨戒,获颁社会运动领袖奖。

1994年提出「礼仪环保」,推动佛化联合奠祭、佛化联合祝寿、佛化联合婚礼。

1997年在美国纽约成立象冈道场。出席义大利第十一届国际宗教领袖和平会议,会后晤见教宗若望保禄二世。

1998年获《天下》杂志遴选为四百年来对台湾最具影响力的五十位人物之一。

1999年提出「心五四运动─二十一世纪生活主张」。成立「法鼓山人文社会奖助学术基金会」。

2000年以汉传佛教代表身份参加于纽约联合国总部举行之「千禧年世界宗教暨精神领袖和平高峰会」,并发表主题演说。荣获行政院文建会颁发「终身文化贡献奖」。

2001年于法鼓山世界佛教教育园区主持僧伽大学佛学院创校暨开学典礼。应邀于台北举行的「世界宗教合作会议」发表演说。应邀出席于纽约举行的「千禧年世界宗教暨精神领袖和平高峰会咨询委员会」,并发表讲辞。

2002年以佛教领袖身份出席纽约「世界经济论坛」会议。出席在泰国曼谷举行之「世界宗教领袖理事会」。率团护送因遭窃辗转流至海外多年的阿?佛头像回到中国大陆山东省神通寺四门塔。《天台心钥–教观纲宗贯注》一书获第三十七届「中山学术著作奖」。

2003年推动法鼓山人文社会奖助学术基金会与北京大学合作设置「

法鼓人文讲座」。应世界宗教领袖理事会之邀,出席日本京都「世界青年和平高峰会」第一次筹备会议。膺获第二届总统文化奖。

2004年推动法鼓山人文社会奖助学术基金会分别与台湾大学、北京清华大学合作设置「法鼓人文讲座」。

主持法鼓人文社会学院动土典礼。出席在曼谷召开的「世界宗教领袖理事会」与「亚太青年和平高峰会」。出席在约旦召开的「世界宗教领袖理事会」。担任总召集人,举办「世界青年和平高峰会台北论坛」。

2005年出席在爱尔兰都柏林召开的世界银行「信仰暨发展会议」。推动法鼓山人文社会奖助学术基金会分别与台湾成功大学、南京大学合作设置「法鼓人文讲座」。于中国大陆北京大学、清华大学、南京大学及广州中山大学进行专题演讲。获颁泰国朱拉隆功僧伽大学荣誉博士学位。创设之法鼓山世界佛教教育园区落成开山。

2006年.于法鼓山世界佛教教育园区大殿举行「第二任方丈接位大典」,正式将方丈职位交付果东法师。

.带领十五位「法鼓山青年领袖代表团」青年代表,参加于纽约联合国总部大楼召开的「联合国全球青年领袖高峰会」。

2007年.创办台湾第一所获教育部核可设立之单一宗教研修学院「法鼓佛教研修学院」(2008年8月更名为「法鼓佛教学院」)。

.与美国哥伦比亚大学签署设置「圣严汉传佛学讲座教授」正式成立。

.提出「心六伦—新时代.心伦理」运动。

.多年推动环保自然葬,并与台北县政府合作规画的「台北县金山环保生命园区」正式启用。

.推动防治自杀活动,创办「关怀生命奖」。

2008年.荣获美国设计与流程科学学会「李国鼎杰出经济社会制度设计奖」。

.荣获中国文艺协会荣誉文艺奖章「文化贡献奖」。

2009年.2月3日舍报圆寂,住世八十年。

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Master Sheng Yen liked to call himself “an itinerant monk pressing forward in snow and wind.” He was once selected by the magazine Commonwealth as one of the 50 most influential people in Taiwan in the past 400 years. Looking back, his life was full of challenges, tribulations, and turning points.

The Master endured frail health since he was young and became a novice monk in Langshan of Jiangsu, China at the age of 14. Afterwards, he spent years performing deliverance rituals, then serving in the army, before returning to monastic life at the age of 30. Whether it was during the time of his six years of solitary retreat, studies in Japan, spreading the Dharma in the USA, or founding Dharma Drum   Mountain (DDM), the Master had always been able to find a way out when there seemed to be none. His compassionate vows glowed clearly through hardships, and his Chan wisdom manifested his perseverance. Life to him was a journey of living the Buddhadharma.

In order to raise the status of Buddhism and the quality of monastics, at age 40 Master Sheng Yen decided to go to Japan for further studies. After receiving a Doctor of Literature degree from Rissho University in Tokyo in 1975, he served as a professor at Chinese Culture University, Soochow University, and other universities and colleges. He also served as the director of the Institute of Buddhist Studies at the China Academy of the College of Chinese Culture, vice president of the Buddhist Association of the United States, director of the Institute of Tripitaka Translation supported by the Buddhist Association of the United States, and founder of the Chung-Hwa Institute of Buddhist Studies,  Sangha University, and Dharma Drum College of Humanities and Social Science In addition, he launched the Chung-Hwa Buddhist Journal and Chung-Hwa Buddhist Studies, served as advising professor for doctoral and master’s students at National Chengchi University, Chinese Culture University, and other higher education institutes, and gave more than 200 lectures or speeches at more than 100 universities or colleges around the world.

In 1989, the master founded Dharma Drum Mountain with a vision to establish it as a world center for Buddhist education dedicated to academic research, Dharma practice and propagation, and social charity. Over time, it has developed into an organization that endeavors in Dharma propagation and popularization, promotion of Chan practice, culture, and education, and social charity in Taiwan and overseas. Currently, branches of DDM Buddhist practice and meditation centers have been set up in Taiwan and other countries in Europe, Asia, America, and Australia. For a long period of time Master Sheng Yen traveled between Taiwan and the United States to spread the Buddhadharma and visited other countries around the globe to offer guidance on Chan practice, and was recognized internationally as a prominent Chan master. With the formal transmission of both the Linji and Caodong lineages of the Chan school, the Master was able to penetrate the Buddhist canon and integrate various Buddhist traditions to offer guidance and teachings suitable for people from different cultural backgrounds in a natural and vivid manner, thereby incorporating and influencing numerous people in both the West and the East.

Master Sheng Yen was devoted to spread the Buddhadharma with a language and perspective accessible to a broad audience in modern time. Despite his hectic schedule, he nonetheless dedicated himself to writing and authored more than 100 books. Other than publications in Chinese, English, and Japanese, many of his books were translated into other languages and published worldwide. Moreover, he won various prestigious honors in Taiwan, including the Sun Yat-sen Art and Literary Award, the Sun Yat-sen Academic Award, the National Culture Award, and the President Cultural Award, and others. 

In more recent years, in order to carry out his ideals of promoting culture, education, the Buddhadharma, and spiritual practice, the Master held dialogues with prominent figures in technology, fine arts, and culture, and collaborated with other religions. Thus reflected his greatness of mind and global perspective and won him universal recognition. The Master initiated the concept of Protecting the Spiritual Environment and advocated the ideal of “uplifting the character of humanity and building a pure land on Earth.” With his basis in Chinese Buddhism, the Master made incessant efforts to bring multiple aspects of Buddhism into the modern world, thereby carrying out a sublime mission of inheriting tradition and aspiring to a better future.

Important Events in Master Sheng Yen’s Life

1930   Born in Jiangsu Province, China. 

1943   Becomes a novice at age 14 at Guangjiao Monastery, Nantong, Jiangsu province.

1949   Joins the army and arrives in Taiwan from Shanghai by ship during Chinese Civil War. 

1959   Ends his 10-year service in the army and is re-ordained under Ven. Master Dongchu.

1961   Begins a six-year solitary retreat at Chaoyuan Monastery in Kaohsiung to deepen his study and practice of Buddhadharma.

1969    Studies at Rissho University in Tokyo, Japan for six years ,where he obtains a doctoral degree in Buddhist Literature

1975    Goes to the U.S.A on invitation to teach and spread Buddhism.

1976    Becomes vice president of the Buddhist Association of the United States and the abbot of Temple of Enlightenment. 

1977    Returns to Taiwan, taking over the reins of the Chung-Hwa Institute of Buddhist Culture and Nung Chan Monastery, in accord with Ven. Master Dongchu’s will.

1978   Becomes director of the Institute of Buddhist Studies at the China Academy of the College of Chinese Culture.

1979 Establishes a monastery in New York, named the Chan Meditation Center.

1985 Establishes the Chung-Hwa Institute of Buddhist Studies in Beitou, Taipei.

1989 Establishes Dharma Drum Mountain (DDM) with the mission of “uplifting the character of humanity and building a pure land on earth.”

1990 Convenes the first Chung-Hwa International Conference on Buddhism.

1992   Proposes Protecting the Spiritual Environment as the core DDM vision.

1993   Holds the Bodhisattva Precepts ceremony in Taiwan for the first time. Receives a Leadership Award for Social Peace Movement.

1994 Proposes Protecting the Social Environment and promotes joint funerals, birthday celebrations for the elderly, and weddings in Buddhist spirit. 

1997   Sets up the Dharma Drum Retreat Center in Pine Bush, New York.

           Attends the 11th International Meeting “Peoples and Religions” in Padua, Italy and meets with Pope John Paul II at the Vatican.

1998   Selected by Commonwealth Magazine as one of the 50 most influential people in Taiwan in the past 400 years.

1999   Proposes the Fivefold Spiritual Renaissance Campaign: A lifestyle for the 21st century.

               Establishes the Dharma Drum Research Grants of the Humanities and Social Sciences Foundation. 

2000    Attends and makes a keynote speech at the Millennium World Peace Summit of Religious and Spiritual Leaders held at the UN headquarters in New York, representing Chinese Buddhism.

     Receives a cultural award from Taiwan’s Executive Yuan for his lifetime contributions to cultural education work.

2001    Presides over the founding and opening ceremony for the Buddhist Seminary of Dharma Drum Sangha University at the DDM World Center for Buddhist Education. 

Invited to make a speech at the Symposium on Religion, World Peace, and Protecting the Spiritual Environment held in Taipei.

 Invited to attend and make a speech at the Consulting Committee of the Millennium World Peace Summit of Religious and Spiritual Leaders held in New York.

2002     Attends the World Economic Forum annual meeting in New York as the only invited Buddhist leader.

Attends the World Council of Religious Leaders (WCRL) in Bangkok.

Donates and escorts the Akshobhya Buddha head statue, stolen in 1997, back to Four Gate Pagoda in Shandong province, China.

Receives the Sun Yat-sen Academic Award for his book, Tiantai Keys to the Mind: A Vernacular Translation of and Commentary on Ouyi’s “Jiaoguan gangzong.” 

2003      Directs the Dharma Drum Foundation for Humanities and Social Science Research Grants to establish the Dharma Drum Lecture Series in Humanities in cooperation with Peking University.

                Attends the 1st preparatory meeting for the World Youth Peace Summit held in Kyoto, Japan at the invitation of WCRL.

Wins the Bodhi Prize of the 2nd Presidential Cultural Award.

2004      Directs the Dharma Drum Foundation for Humanities and Social Science Research Grants to establish the Dharma Drum Lecture Series in Humanities in cooperation with National Taiwan University and Tsinghua University in Beijing.

Presides over the ground-breaking ceremony for Dharma Drum Humanities and Social Sciences College.

Attends the World Youth Peace Summit Asia-Pacific hosted by WCRL in Bangkok, Thailand.

Attends the WCRL held in Jordan.

Hosts the World Youth Peace Summit in Taipei Conference.

2005      Attends Leaders’ Meeting on Faith and Development organized by the World Bank in Dublin, Ireland.

               Directs the Dharma Drum Foundation for Humanities and Social Science Research Grants to establish the Dharma Drum Lecture Series in Humanities in cooperation with National Cheng Kung University in Taiwan and Nanjing University.

Delivers speeches at Peking University, Tsinghua University, Nanjing University, and Sun Yat-sen University, while on an academic tour in China.

Receives honorary doctorate degree from Mahachulalongkorn-rajavidyalaya Buddhist University, Thailand.

Inauguration ceremony for the DDM World Center for Buddhist Education, founded by the Master, takes place.

2006      Hands over the position of Abbot President, at the Inaugural Ceremony of the 2nd Abbot President, to successor Ven. Guo Dong, at the Grand Buddha Hall of the DDM World Center for Buddhist Education.

Leads a delegation of 15 DDM youth leaders to attend the UN Global Youth Leadership Summit at the UN headquarters in New York.

2007    Establishes Dharma Drum Buddhist College, the first mono-religious educational institute in Taiwan to be accredited by the Ministry of Education (The name was changed to Dharma Drum Buddhist College in August, 2008).

The Sheng Yen Professorship in Chinese Buddhism is formally signed and established at Columbia University, New York.

Initiates the Six Ethics of the Mind campaign.

The Taipei County Jinshan Eco-friendly Memorial Garden, which DDM established at the DDM complex in collaboration with the Taipei County Government, finally starts operation after years of promoting eco-friendly burial sites.

Promotes activities for suicide prevention, establishing the “International Caring for Life Awards”.

2008     Receives the “K. T. Li Award for Outstanding Design of Economical/Social Systems” from the Society for Design and Process Science.

 Receives the Cultural Contribution Award, an honorary arts and literature medal, from the Chinese Writers’ and Artists’ Association.

2009   Passes away on February 3rd.

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